Video Tutorial: Making a Speaker-shaking Sub Bass!
Hi, I’m Dave from boyinaband.com and this is my tutorial on how to make a seriously bassy sub bass in reason!
I’ll be using Thor to make this because I am scarily obsessed with it, but you can do this with any other synth that is capable of making a sine wave, such as malstrom, using the same principles I’ll be discussing.
Okay! Let’s begin.
Create a combinator, then create your synth of choice. Make 3 analog oscillators, all sine waves and in a 3 octave spread, then send them through to the filter.
In the mixer, turn the balance towards 2 so there is less of the higher octave and more of the bassier tone in the mix.
Turn the envelope off the filter and turn the amp envelope up to full so the patch doesn’t lose volume over time.
Now – the secret to making seriously bassy sub bass! Turn the resonance to full, then sweep the frequency – listen for the bass getting more harmonic content and more volume – at this point the filter is resonating at the same fundamental frequency as the bass, creating what is known as a self-oscillating filter which is really bassy and powerful. This is how you make sub bass that you can really feel!
Now, since this bass is just sine waves, it doesn’t have much harmonic content – a low end sound with little harmonic content is more difficult to make out in the mix. If you want just a bassy effect with no presence, you can leave your synth patch like this, but to be able to hear it as well as feel it, try this…
Right click and create a Scream 4 distortion unit. Turn the damage control to full, the type to tube and the P1 to 0 and P2 to full. Turn off cut and body. Notice now the sound has a lot more presence? Distortion is a great way to add harmonic content to an otherwise clean bass sound, making it more present in the mix.
However, we still want this to be a bass effect, so right click > Create > MClass Equalizer. Turn the low shelf to full, and remove anything about about 400Hz. This gives us our bass back, but with the addition of the distorted harmonics giving it some texture.
Lastly, since boosting like this changes the volume radically, we’ll add an MClass maximizer to the end of the signal chain, hit the 4ms look ahead and turn the input gain to full. This will limit the sound to a consistant level with the rest of the track.
One last thing before I go, for a G-Funk track like this, you want the bass to shuffle – a quick way to do this, is to click on the regroove mixer, click the “open” button and select a preset regroove patch from the reason factory sound bank.
Now, select the channel you added the shuffle to on the track for the bass patch – instant swing. Brilliant for Funky Hip hop!
And there you have it! A sub-shakingly heavy bass that swings like a white trash girl whose parents never loved her. Get in your lowrider, turn the volume up, pull your trousers down and nod your head at everyone who clearly is jealous of how cool you are.